Hoe and Worthing Archive: Hoe Hall 


Hoe Hall

This photo of Hoe Hall is believed to show the Grounds family at Hoe Hall. The family moved from the Hall at some time between 1872 and 1881 and thereafter rented it out, selling it finally around 1917.

Pevsner's The Buildings of England describes the front as 'Early c19 façade of grey brick with giant pilasters and a porch.' However, there's no mention of the back part of the house with its octagonal chimneys. English Heritage dates the back to the 17th century.

In 1845 William Grounds had part of the old house demolished and the new, larger part added to it. The
specification was exacting, the work costing £1295 5s 5d. George Harrold was the contractor.


This part of the specification lists the stonework – sills, floors, fireplaces, etc. It notes that William Grounds had 'an old Portico' which was repaired and fitted to the new front of the house.

William Grounds     Thomas Byam

William Grounds inherited the estate on the death of his            William's son, Thomas Byam Grounds, photographed aged
father, Thomas, in 1827. He died in 1866.                                   sixteen, in 1858.


TBG – the monogram of Thomas Byam Grounds on the gateway to the churchyard. The device also appears on the gables of 1 & 2 Hoe with the date 1872, at which time he was thirty years old. Thomas inherited the estate from his father, William, in 1866. An earlier Thomas, his grandfather, was churchwarden in 1785.

Joseph Perkins    Joseph Perkins, who worked as a groom for
    the Grounds family at Hoe Hall. In the census of 1861
    his age is 65. The death of a Joseph Perkins is
    recorded in 1865, most likely him, so this photo is
    probably from the 1860s.

    reverse of

front garden of hall

The Hall in flower! The neat beds and the prominent exotic plant are characteristic of Victorian gardening.

In 1873 the implements, live and dead stock of the farm were sold, and the Grounds family moved away from Hoe around that time. The catalogue of the sale lists the purchasers of the various lots, amongst them Samuel Norton, whose father, also Samuel, had farmed Manor Farm until 1855.

hall farm sale catalogue

norton covenant  
    Samuel jr then took on the tenancy of
    Hall Farm having spent over £500 on
    equipment and stock. He also took on
    standing and harvested crops valued
    at over £1000.

Lot 4    However, Thomas Grounds continued
    to add to his estate whenever land
    became available. When Azariah
    Waters sold Hoe Lodge in 1890,
    Grounds' agent bought two lots
    filled in gaps: 'We think it will be an
    advantage if these lots are added to
    your property and therefore purchased
    at the sale'.

    Lot 4 is a meadow near Spring Farm;
    the little building
numbered 41 housed a
    smithy, according to Peggy Butterfield.

    [Map Courtesy of Norfolk Record Office
     BR 379/Hood, Vores & Allwood,
     14/03/1980/Box 39]

                    Wigg    Faith Evelyn Wigg (1874-1899) was the daughter of
    Charles Heyhoe Wigg and his wife Ann (née Grounds).

    Faith Wigg's death is recorded at Lowestoft, at such an
    early age that she may perhaps have suffered from    

    Charles Wigg is recorded in the 1881 census at Hoe
    Hall as a farmer of 700 acres employing fourteen men
    and six boys.

    Thomas Byam Grounds, Ann's brother, was visiting Hoe
    Hall at the time of the 1881 census. In the census ten
    years earlier he had been resident at Hoe Hall with his
    widowed mother Ann.

    Charles Wigg's wife Ann died in August 1889 aged 53
    and he ceases to be the tenant at Hoe Hall. He went to
    farm at Mowles Manor, Etling Green, near Dereham.

Roots gift of coal

John Roots had taken on the farm tenancy by February 1893.

Roots sheep

More bad weather in July 1893.

Devereux    In July 1895 the Hall tenancy appears
    to have changed hands again, to a Mr
    Devereux, whose employee James
    Brown was worried he might be sacked
    for being drunk.

In 1900 Thomas Byam Grounds let the Hall Farm to George Bagnall for a term of eight years* and the 1901 census shows that the Hall was occupied by Bagnall and his family. George was most likely to be the first person in Hoe to have owned a car. J. J. Wright, engineers in Dereham, were agents for a wide range of makes including Ariel, better known later for motorcycles. The Wright company records show the sale of a car in 1899 to George Bagnall of Hoe Hall. It was probably a Quadcycle, costing 120 guineas.

*Lease at Norfolk Record Office MC 468/13

Hoe group

Hoe group 2

Two intriguing photographs from the early 1900s. The location is the same in both and is thought to be in Hoe but hasn't been identified. Names of several Hoe residents present, including Peggy Butterfield's Barker grandparents, are known. Peggy Butterfield described the photographs as being of 'the entire staff of the Hoe estate'. She identified the smart man at the extreme right of the upper picture as Samuel Norton, the father of her step-father Cyril Norton. Samuel died in 1903, giving a latest date for the pictures. Very similar photographs were taken in other Norfolk villages to celebrate the coronation of 1902 and 1911 (see Discovering Old Norfolk, … the Photographs of Tom Nokes by Susan Wright [Halsgrove, 2011] ).

Elizabeth & George Bagnall

George and Elizabeth Bagnall and their children George Barry and Kathleen were living at Gorgate Hall in 1891 where, according to the census, George was a Warwickshire born farmer. Their second son, Reginald St Vincent, was born at Hoe Hall the same year following the family’s move there. Above: Elizabeth and George Barry.

Elizabeth Bagnall, née Hyatt, was from Birmingham. Both her mother, also Elizabeth, and her sister Eliza are buried in Hoe churchyard. They died within months of each other, 
Eliza aged 46 and Elizabeth 82, in 1899 & 1900.

Kathleen BagnallReginald

Kathleen and Reginald St Vincent Bagnall. Reginald fought with the County of London Yeomanry during WWI having first enlisted whilst in Canada in 1914. After the war he went on to farm in Norfolk.

George Barry Bagnall   George Barry Bagnall as a young man.

George Barry Bagnall

Barry's death notice    George Barry died in a fiercely
    fought battle east of Arras in April
    1917. He is commemorated in
    Hoe church.

Bagnall Memorial


west front

hoe hall 1921

Hoe Hall photographed in the early 1920s, when it was let to the Brundle family.

books for yeomanry
                cutting    Dereham Times, 3 February 1945.   

    During the 1940s the Hall was tenanted by the
    Barclay family.

On 24 March 1945, the Dereham Times reports
Great Record of the Norfolk Yeomanry –
    Officers and Men in Grand Heart Now
    Bound for Berlin
".  It continues: "The history of
    the Norfolk Yeomanry was outlined … by the
    second-in-command, Major J.J. Barclay, M.C.,
    of Hoe Hall, Dereham, grandson of its founder,
    Colonel H.A. Barclay, of Hanworth Hall. Family
    association with the regiment is continuous.
    Major Barclay's father, Lieut-Col. J.F. Barclay,
    also of Hoe Hall, having fought with it in the
    Great War, serving for a period as C.O. …
    Major Barclay … won his M.C. at Villers-
    Bocage in Normandy … ."


                            fire    December 1950.

tennis party

Hoe Hall was divided and let to two families in the 1950s, the Standleys and the Gowings. Tennis at Hoe Hall: (standing) David Standley and Anne Abbott (from the Chestnuts), Ian Harper and unknown.

pony jumping

Newspaper photograph from 1960.

Keith obit    December 1966.

Penelope Keith & Eve Abbott

Penelope Keith, Eve Abbott and an American visitor whose mother had had relations in Hoe, outside Hoe Hall.

The Hall farm

land girls

This is a very jolly group, thought to have been taken at Field House farm, Swanton Morley, in the early 1940s. Back row, left to right, are Cecil Nunn, Ted Butters snr, Albert Dawson, Joseph Brooks, Charlie Holmes; front row: Ivy Butters, Stanley Sutton, Winnie Butters, unknown, Sid Dack.

Field House sold for £11,000 with about 900 acres when the Bylaugh estate was broken up in 1917. E. C. Keith lived at Field House and farmed Hoe Hall farm in the 1940s when this picture was taken. Most of the people here lived in Hoe.


Ted Butters (second from left) and mates at haytime.


Snap – Ted Butters on the right.

 hare shoot

A shooting party on Ayers Lane. Cliff Hudson (extreme right) worked as Keiths' gamekeeper for many years.