Hoe and Worthing Archive: St Andrew's church 




19th-century maps

Terrier of furnishings


The font

The Customs of Hoe


Fragments of the old church

Benjamin Armstrong


Robert Barker

Fund-raising and the tower

Mothers’ Union


The churchyard


Hoe church was extensively rebuilt in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries on a much reduced scale, without aisles, having fallen into a bad state of repair. This Ladbrooke lithograph is from 1823 when the road ran between the church and the hall. The belfry windows were added the same year.

In 1960 Dr Eric Puddy, who lived at the Mill House, wrote a short history of the church.

Download pdf

19th-century maps

road map

The old route of the road is shown on the enclosure map of 1814.

[Courtesy of Norfolk Record Office C/Sca/2/243]

map 1848

The tithe map surveyed in 1847 shows the present route.
[Courtesy of Norfolk Record Office BR 276/1/119]

1716 terrier

This terrier dated September 30 1716 lists the church furnishings:

A true and perfect Account of all ye Goods, Books, Ornamts & Utensils belonging to ye Church of Hoe in ye County of Norfolk & Diocese of Norwich.


One pewter fflaggon                                                                       Three Bells
One silver Chalice wth a Cover. weighing 14 ounces
One Carpet for ye Comunion Table
One Pulpit Cloth & Cushion of ye same
One fine Linnen Cloth for ye Comunion Table
One Surplice of Holland
Two Comon Prayer Books                                                           John Oxwick                 
One large Bible                                                                                                                Churchwardens
The book of Homilies, & Bishp Jewell                                        Robert Herring

[Courtesy of Norfolk Record Office DN/TER 86/1/3]


In June 1894, George Bagnall lived at Gorgate Hall, and at Hoe Hall from about 1900.


March 1948.

Francis Blomefield and Charles Parkin's An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk (1739-1775) contains this description of Hoe church:
To this hamlet belongs a chapel with a nave or body, a north and south isle, and a chancel covered with lead, with a square tower and 3 bells; and the cure is served by the vicar of East Derham.

In the middle isle before the pulpit, on a gravestone,
Orate p. a'i'a. Willi. Skarlet q; obijt xx die Maij Ao. Dni. mcccclxxxiiii cuj; a'ia. p'pitietr. Deus.

Dunham brass
On another, [the photograph above shows what remains]
Orate p. a'i'ab; Johs. Dunha de Hoo, Gentilema, Alicie ux'is ejus, et Marg'e filic corunde' Johs. et Alice, qui quidem Johs. obijt xxii die Novembr. Ao. Dni. mcccclxvii quor. a'i'ab; p'pit. Deus, cu' hiis qui oderunt pacem erat pacificus, et cum loq'batr. illis impugnabant se gratis.
In the north isle at the east end, was a chapel; in the window, argent, a lion rampant, sable, crowned, or, Morley; also the figures of a person lying as dead on an altar tomb, and 5 priests as praying by him, in a north widow; in the east window of the said isle is a representation of the crucifixion; and here was probably a clerk's chantry, there being at the bottom of the said window,
Orate p. a'i'ab; Johs. Clerk agnet. et Alicie uxr. ej; et p. q'ib; tenentur.

On a gray marble stone,
Here lyeth the body of Thomas Utber, gent. deceased, Nov. 25, 1641.

In memory of Margaret, late wife of Thomas Utber, gent. deceased, 17 Apr. 1622.

On an altar tomb, of black marble, with the arms of L'Estrange, impaling argent, three chevronels, sable, Lane; with this motto,
Mihi parta tueri.
Depositum Susannæ L'estrange uxoris secundæ Rogeri L'estrange generosi, unius de filiabus et coheredidus Franeisci Lane de Thuxton, in hoc agro Norfol. generosi; quæ annos nata xxxvii, denata est xii cal. Martij 1687, cui ob. pietatem, virtutem et eximiam erga suos benevolentiam, ut posteris etiam pietatis, virtutis, et benevolentiæ exemplar innotesceret, hoc monumentum, L.M.Q.P. conjux fidissimus.

le strange memorial 
And on a mural monument against the east wall here [photograph above, the monument is now on the north wall], the arms of Lestrange.
In vicino pulvere quiescunt exuviae Rogeri Lestrange, generosi hujus loci nup. incolae, qui illis vixit virtutibus ornatus quae maxime conveniunt sapienti. Per universam vitam is erat qui amicis charus, pauperi munificus, vicinis gratiosus, suor. memor et providus ut esset, et negotio sibi dedit et effecit, sacris interesse nunquam drestitit. Æqui attentissime observans litis perosus. benevolentiae fere prodigus. Hunc itaq; tam integre et pie functum ijs officiis quae graviter ad omnes spectant, et illis maturum praemijs, quae solum optimis erogantur; Deus quasi jam emeritum sibi in coelum vendicavit, salutis 1706, ætat. 63, Oct. 29. Sic parentabat Leuknor Lestrange.
He was his son by his 2d wife. Roger's first wife was —, daughter of— Hastings; his 3d wife, Amy, daughter of — Tyrell, remarried to — Crow of Bilney.

In a north window of the chancel are the arms of the see of Ely, and quarterly, gules, three goats heads, erased, argent, attired or, in the first and fourth, and in the 2d and 3d ermine,—Morton Bishop of Ely.


This tomb slab in the nave floor isn't mentioned in Blomefield, despite being of sufficient age. Perhaps the delightfully amateur inscription and its commemoration of a yeoman farmer, William Blackhall, were reasons for its having been omitted.

WWI memorial panels

In May 2014, to commemorate the servicemen from Hoe who served with distinction or were casualties of the First World War, an exhibition was held in the church.

Bagnall memorial

George Bagnall was born at Gorgate Hall in 1887 and became a solicitor in London. He died at Arras.

1945 memorial

Pilot Officer James Arthur Barclay died on 8th December 1941 and is commemorated at the Runnymede Memorial.
Charles James Taylor was the son of Charles George and Lucy Taylor (of Gressenhall),
husband of Elsie Taylor. He died aged 26 on 3rd March 1945 and is buried in Uden War Cemetery in Holland. His brother, Allured John, died aged 21 on 24 January 1942 in Singapore and is buried in Kranji War Cemetery.


Few of the features described in Blomefield survived the rebuilding. The 15th-century font stands on four octagonal stones which could well be from the shafts of the demolished nave arcade pillars.

customs of Hoe

This document, 'The Customs of the Towne of Hoe…', is dated 1614 and lists the tithes due from parishioners to the Rector. These tithe customs were endorsed in 1723 by the then Rector and churchwardens, W. Leach, William Cobb, Robert Herring and William Foulgier.

[Courtesy of Norfolk Record Office DN/TER 86/1/4]

In 1806 a later copy transcribed the terrier as follows:

customs text
customs text

An Act of Parliament in 1836 commuted payment of tithes in kind into cash. Surveys of land, with maps, were produced as an assessment of value. In Hoe the survey was made in 1847 and sealed by the government commissioners the next year.

tithe map

[Courtesy of Norfolk Record Office BR 276/1/119]

On the tithe map the fields are numbered to refer to the survey list. Here is the entry for Spring Farm, where James Fellows was the tenant of the landowner, Edward Lombe, and was assessed on his acreage (3 rods, 7 perches) at 1s. 6d. At Manor Farm, Samuel Norton had to pay £53 5s. 7d on 249 acres, 2 rods, 8 perches.

James Fellowes

[Courtesy of Norfolk Record Office BR 276/1/119]

marian M

Among the few remaining traces of the medieval church from before its rebuilding is this flushwork crowned monogram M. The M symbol in the pre-Reformation church denoted Mary, and possibly in this case may also refer to the Morley family, sometime lords of the manor of Swanton Morley, whose coat of arms appeared in a window until the rebuilding.


On the north wall this stone bears the date April 1622. The rest of the text is indecipherable.

church porch
    The south porch was restored in 1999. The initials
    WG are most likely to be those of William Grounds who
    lived at Hoe Hall. Did he build or restore the porch at the
    same time as realigning the road to the south of the
    church, as appears from the maps above?

                                                          Armstrong    Revd Benjamin Armstrong was vicar of East Dereham,
    including Hoe, from 1850 to 1888. His diaries include
    many entries describing events in the village, such as
    these from December 1st 1857 and March 18th 1877.
    Had a good gallop on a hired pony with my
    Newfoundland galloping alongside, to Hoe, where
    visited Mrs Norton & Mrs Blomfield who is likely to die, &
    like too many prefers the ministrations of the Vicar to
    that of a curate. Explained to her that all priests are
    equal & she promised to receive the curate in future.

    Preached for the last time from the old 'three-decker'
    pulpit in Hoe Church, the churchwardens having erected
    a new pulpit near the chancel steps. When a huge
    sounding board was removed, the iron by which it was
    suspended over the head of the preacher was found to
    be worn away to a mere thread which might have given
    way at any moment.



This little mustard-pot lid came from Dereham Vicarage. Peggy Butterfield, who lived at Spring Farm, Hoe, until 1978, was given it by her aunt, Elizabeth Barker, who worked at the Vicarage.

Hoe church census 1851

In March 1851 a census was conducted of churches and their congregations. Armstrong describes the church as a 'Chapel … annexed to the Parish of East Dereham' and gives the numbers of attendees at morning and afternoon services.

Crown Copyright HO-129-242_3

On September 24th 1852, Armstrong visited Hoe's thirty-four poor families, all of which possess a copy of the Holy Scriptures, and are all baptized. The whole of them belong to the Church, except two families who are Mormonites… . Dereham's branch of the Mormon church was founded on 24th March 1849.


1861 census for Hoe. Jeremiah Jones (the younger), his wife and children were one of those Mormon families. They emigrated to America in 1862, by then with three children, sailing from Liverpool to New York.

                                                          BarkerRobert Barker (1830-1904) was Parish Clerk for thirty years. He worked as a farm labourer.

Excerpt of Thos Warner will

Excerpt from the will of Thomas Warner of Hoe, dated 1558, in which he leaves a sum of money '… to the reparacion of the the steple in Hoe …'. Evidence that the problems with the tower go back a very long way.

National Archive PROB-11-42B-421

                                                          with tower

So far as we know, this is a unique photograph of the church showing the tower in its taller state before it was damaged in a storm and subsequently rebuilt.

bazaar     In the early years of the twentieth
    century fund-raising events were held
    in aid of the rebuilding of the tower.

    In June 1907, this bazaar was 'a
    dazzling spectacle'.


                                                          report of

Nearly £50 had been raised by August 1907. Who paid the remaining amount is unknown, but when work started the tower fell again, apparently caused by weak foundations, and the fund was used instead to build the parish hall, which opened in 1912.


The tower was rebuilt in its present form, ending below the line of the nave roof. A single bell was rehung.

                                                          letter    This letter is from Patience Puddy, wife
    of the local doctor, Eric Puddy, to
    Grace Kenny about her mother, Emma
    Dawson (see 8-9 Hoe).

    In 1959 a new banner for the Mothers'
    Union was to be dedicated, along with
    an offertory bag in Mrs Dawson's

                                                          letter 2



Emma Dawson's grave at her funeral in 1958.


Hoe resident Dr Josephine Lloyd wrote and published a history of St Andrew's church in 2010. Among those present at the launch were (left to right, from the font) Jenny Tuckwell, Ernie Lloyd, who took the photographs for the book and John Tuckwell, churchwarden. Josephine Lloyd is standing in front of the door.

                                                          Bunning &
                                                          Charles Carey    In 1954, Bunnings of Gressenhall made this iron gate
    for the churchyard. David Bunning's grandfather George
    was photographed at its installation (we have not yet
    found this photo, sadly).

    In 2010 David (left) refurbished the gate in his  
    grandfather's memory and is photographed here with
    Charles Carey, then the churchwarden who looked after
    the churchyard.


The cherry trees, which were planted for the 1977 Silver Jubilee, looking spectacular. Cliff Hudson took the photo while his dogs waited.



In 2016, John Tuckwell remade the wooden crosses marking graves in the church yard extension. The originals had rotted and some of their positions were uncertain. Surveys made in the 1970s by the Swanton Morley Family History Group were consulted to establish the names of the interred, among whom was Emma Dawson.